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Main » Photo album » Pharmaceuticals photos » Rehydran- N
Rehydran- N
Sachet
Oral rehydration salts

Composition :

Each sachet of 5.5 g contains :
Glucose anhydrous 4.00 gm .
Tri - Sodium Citrate anhydrous 0.51 gm .
Sodium Chloride 0.70 gm .
Potassium Chloride 0.30 gm .

Properties:
Rehydran-N mixture is a suitable preparation administered orally to
prevent or correct electrolyte imbalance as well as replenish fluid losses
in cases of acute dehydration. Oral administration of Rehydran-N
solution readjusts acid base balance of the body, restores circulatory and
renal function, and supplies the body with energy which is essential
for nutritional support. Rehydran-N contains glucose in the optimum concentration to permit sodium and potassium absorption.

Indications and usage :
- Acute dehydration due to diarrhea.
- Acute infantile gastroenteritis.
- All types of dehydration .

Contra-indications :
- Gastrointestinal obstruction.
- Oliguric or anuric renal failure (severe renal impairment ).
- In severe dehydration (10% or more ) , intractable vomiting, where parenteral rehydration solution is indicated .

Side effects :

- Vomiting can occur after administration of oral rehydration solution , and
may be an indication that it was administered too quickly .If vomiting
occurs, administration should be halted for 10 minutes then resumed in
smaller, more frequent amounts .
Overdosage of oral rehydration solutions in patients with renal failure ,may
lead to hypernatraemia , hyperkalaemia .
Prolonged administration of high doses , lead to copper deficiency with associated anemia and neutropenia .

Drug interactions :
- Citrate salts taken orally can be enhance the absorption of aluminum from
gastrointestinal tract .
As antimuscarinics delay gastric emptying and consequently may increase
the risk of gastrointestinal adverse effects in patients receiving oral forms of
potassium .


Warning and Precautions :
Oral rehydration solutions should be reconstituted only with fresh water
and at the volume stated , but freshly and cool water is preferred when
The solution is used for infants ,and other ingredients such as sugar should
not be added .
Unused solution should be stored in a refrigerator and discarded within 24 hours of preparation .
Oral rehydration solutions should be given with extreme caution to patients
with cardiac disease , acute dehydration , and with renal insufficiency .


Dosage and administration :
Dissolve the content of this sachet in 200 ml of water ( Glass of water ).
For prevention of dehydration :
Give 50 ml solution per stool motion .
For treatment of dehydration :
Give the solution to the child to drink as he or she can , and continue breast
feeding or normal feed .

Packing:
Box of 10 sachets .

Rehydro-Zinc

Composition :
Each liter contains :
lons mmol/ liter of water
Sodium …………………………….………………… 70
Potassium ………………………….………………… 20
Chloride ……………………………………………. 60
Citrates ………………………..………………………10
Glucose ………………………………………………. 70
Zinc ………………………..…………………………. 0.26

Properties :
Rehydro-Zinc is an effective mixture for oral rehydration. Rehydro-Zinc
is effective for all cases of acute dehydration regardless of the etiologies or age of the patients , it is used for prevention and correction of dehydration. Rehydro-Zinc is a true advance in rehydration therapy,and its formula contains less sodium with less risk for production of hypernatremia. The presence of Zinc in this formula reduces stool output by accelarating water and salt absorption in the intestine. It helps as well in the regeneration of the intestinal mucosa.

Indications :
1 - All types of dehydration from diarrhea of any etiology.
2 - Persistant diarrhea.

Contraindications :
Gastro-intestinal obstruction .
Oliguric or anuric renal failure ( severe renal impairment ) .
In severe dehydration ( 10 % or more ) , intractable vomiting , where parenteral rehydration solution is indicated .

Side Effects :
Vomiting can occur after administration of oral rehydration solution , and may be an indication that it was administrated too quickly . If vomiting occurs , administration should be halted for 10 minutes then resumed in smaller , and more frequent amounts .
Overdosage of oral rehydration solution in patients with renal failure , may lead to hypernatraemia , and hyperkalaemia .
Prolonged administration of high doses, lead to copper deficiency with associated anaemia and neutropenia.

Drug -Interactions :
Citrate salts taken orally can enhance the absorption of Aluminium from
gastrointestinal tract .
As Antimuscarinics delay gastric emptying and consequently may increase the risk of gastrointestinal adverse effects in patients receiving oral forms of potassium .
The absorption of zinc may be reduced by iron supplement and tetracyclines.
Zinc reduces the absorption of copper and fluoroquinolones.

Warning and pr

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Date: 2010-04-14 | Tags: Rehydran- N | Added by: Modajaa
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